1. Commit Cyber CrimeCrimes against individuals, groups, companies or governments. Mostly people commit cyber crime for
- financial reasons (to steal money or use other people's money to buy things which they can later turn into money, or hold to ransom by encrypting information and only selling the 'key' in exchange for money).
- Others may commit cyber crimes for revenge (may have been sacked or 'dumped')
- Break copyright by watching films/programs or downloading music or programmes without paying for it.
- A few others may commit cyber crime for 'Grooming' by pretending to be someone other than themselves for some gain.
2. Carry out Hacktivisim
This involves the act of hacking or breaking into a computer systems for political or socially motivated purposes. Hacktivisim is often related to or excused on the grounds of free speech, human rights or freedom of information. While 'hacktivists' argue that what they do is ethical - a right and proper thing to do. - it's doesn't mean it's not malicious.
3. Cyber Espionage
"The name is Bond: James Bond" Not really, but Cyber Espionage or cyber spying, is about the stealing of secrets stored digitally on computers.
This can be done by one company spying on its competitors or by countries spying on the secrets of others.
While the video concerns China's efforts at cyber spying, most countries are involved, even the UK through GCHQ.
4. Conduct Cyber Warfare
"Cry havoc and release the dogs of war!" or at least a switch on a computer.
This is where one nation state attempts to penetrate the computer networks of other countries with the aim of causing damage or disruption. Essentially it is warfare carried out on computers.
Cyber warfare as a motivational factor may only account for a small number of attacks, but their consequences can be enormous. Imagine what the consequences might be for example, if the power-grid was switched off; the banking network closed down or air traffic control corrupted.